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Monday, November 23, 2020 | History

1 edition of Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II found in the catalog.

Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II

James Edward Sinclair

Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II

  • 96 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Military Explosives,
  • Propellants

  • About the Edition

    The disposal in a confined space of both military secondary high explosives and homogeneous propellants has been studied. Research on an engineering basis has been accomplished as to the feasibility of disposing of outdated military munitions in a confined space, and also as to the practicality of explosion product gas recovery for reuse in explosives synthesis. Disposal in a confined space is advantageous when one wishes to dispose of large batch configurations of explosive devices which are dangerous to uncase, where another method does not exist, and from the standpoint of environmental impact. For example, a twenty-five ton high explosive shot may be easily contained within a cavity of about sixty-eight feet in diameter, with great attenuation of the shock wave and complete containment of the product gases. Confined space disposal is at a great disadvantage when other methods of disposal exist, such as wet-air oxidation or controlled incineration, when munitions may be uncased or when continuous operations are feasible. Primary disadvantages are the danger in transporting old, sensitive devices, initial investment required, emplacement costs and dangers in bringing sensitive ordnance material within sympathetic detonation distances before the shot is fires. Also, in general, reclamation of the product gases and conversion to useful products in no feasible. (Author)

    Edition Notes

    Statement[by] James E. Sinclair and Kenneth J. Graham
    ContributionsGraham, Kenneth J. (Kenneth Judson), Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination36 p. :
    Number of Pages36
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25454506M
    OCLC/WorldCa428452838

    Guncotton and nitroglycerine are high explosives, which means that they decompose at very high rates, and have a property called brisance, a somewhat foggy concept expressing the shattering power of an explosive. Brisance is a combination of a fast rise of pressure and rapid projection of mass, probably equivalent to the creation of a strong.   Did everyone forget black powder is an explosive. Design a gun for an explosive propellant, its not a problem. As for a my answer, most high explosives are not stable (as in decades, not years) or as compact as smokeless powders and or require a new weapon to field (with training).


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Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II by James Edward Sinclair Download PDF EPUB FB2

NPSSn NAVALPOSTGRADUATESCHOOL ' Monterey,California INVESTIGATIONOFPROPELLANTANDHIGHEXPLOSIVE DISPOSALBYCONFINEDSPACESHOTS-1 1 ir INVESTIGATION OF PROPELLANT AND HIGH EXPLOSIVE DISPOSAL BY CONFINED SPACE SHOTS - II ABSTRACT The disposal in a confined space of both military secondary high explosives and homogeneous propel 1 ants has been studied.

Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II By Kenneth J. (Kenneth Judson) Graham and James Edward Sinclair Download PDF (2 MB). This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.

High Explosives and Propellants, Second Edition is a four-part book classified into High Explosives, Blasting Accessories, Application of High Explosives, and Deflagrating and Propellent Explosives.

Part I, High Explosives, centers on the general principles, manufacture, design, and assessment of this type of Edition: 2. Composition B, a high explosive composed ofRDX-TNT-wax.

DoD. Department of Defense. DNX. Hexahydro-3,5-dinitrosonitro-1,3,5-triazine. EDAX. Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. EOD. Explosives ordnance disposal.

EPA. Environmental Protection Agency. ERDC. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental restoration. HE Author: Katerina M Dontsova, Susan Taylor. Two test pads were constructed, with Mk (BA12) training rounds containing F propellant (% nitroglycerin-NG) fired over one and M (B) high-explosive rounds containing M2.

PROPELLANTS C General 94 C Properties of Propellants 94 C In-Process Hazards 95 C Separation of Operations and Building 96 C Equipment Investigation of propellant and high explosive disposal by confined space shots-II book Facilities 97 C In-Process Quantities and Storage C Ingredients Processing C Mixing C Casting and Curing C Extrusion Processes C LECTURE 11 - EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS Ch 61 Industrial Chem EXPLOSIVES is a material that undergoes a rapid and spontaneous decomposition releasing large volumes of gases and heat when subjected to a thermal or mechanical shock.

THREE FUNDAMENTAL TYPES: MECHANICAL, ATOMIC, and CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES - rapid chemical rupturing of bonds progressing. Introduction to Explosives and Propellants explosive formulations are either high melting crystalline solids or liquids at room temperature.

The search for new energetic One of the propellant systems on the space shuttle uses the combination of H & unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (UDMH).File Size: 1MB. plosive and pyrotechnic propellant materials) in the devices must main-tain their initial characteristics throughout the mission.

Under relatively high sterilization temperatures (e. two 64 hour cycles at 0 C) and on prolonged exposure to an outer space environment (e.g. 10 years at File Size: KB.

2 High Explosives consent, the term explosive is defined to exclude such items as bottles of compressed gas, even though these are capable of exploding on rupture. For the purposes of this book an explosive will be taken to mean a substance or mixture of substances which is in itself capable (1) of.

Experimental Investigation of High-Burning-Rate Composite Solid Propellants Article in Journal of Propulsion and Power 28(6) November with 45 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Propellants contain energetic compounds such as nitroglycerin (NG) and 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), both of which are found at firing positions and propellant disposal areas.

To quantify the mass of residue remaining from the field-expedient disposal of propellants, two mortar propellants and one howitzer propellant were burned under different Cited by: Combustion Products of Propellants and Ammunition midgets did not feel too happy in the confines of their tank turret and driver’s compartment.

Bad ventila-tion in the cramped interior caused fatigue and ex-haustion, reducing combat efficiency and endurance. In fact, Arab tank crews, overcome by File Size: KB.

Contains the minimum explosives, propellant, and pyrotechnics safety requirements. The policies of this manual apply to all NASA organizations, elements, entities, or individuals; to all NASA systems and facilities; and during all phases of the life cycle of systems or cturer: Rocket Science Institute, Inc.

Propellants, explosives and pyrotechnics- or high energy materials (HEMs) to use an umbrella term - have obvious applications in the military sector, but can also be used in a variety of ways in civilian areas such as mining, construction or spacecraft by: Title of Document: AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE ADVANTAGES OF IN-SPACE PROPELLANT RE-SUPPLY Michael David Scher, Master of Science, Directed By: Professor Robert H.

Tolson Department of Aerospace Engineering In-space propellant re-supply has been proposed to extend space. Liquid propellant systems have been demonstrated to be developed, produced, and operated safely in spite of the tremendous potential for high explosive yield of the propellants.

It appears most engineering and design deficiencies are found during development and qualification testing, some of which can be catastrophic : William D. Manha. Type of propellant single base – tubular * qb(± b 8 ¼´ Bulk density approx. g/l Main application Hornet Bullet SP – g Powder charge approx.

g V 5 m/s P 2 bar Other calibre application Carbine Type of propellant single base – tubular Bulk density approx. g/l Main application x 39 Bullet FMJ – gFile Size: 3MB. Booster High Explosives •Booster high explosive are materials that are insensitive to mechanical shock, and flame.

•But they explode with great violence when set off by an explosive shock, such as obtained by detonating a small amount of a primary explosive in contact with it.

•Thus they are energy amplifiers. NASA-GEORGE C. MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM X PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF BLAST HAZARDS OF RP-1 /LOX AND LH2/LOX PROPELLANT COMBIMTIONS By John B.

Gayle, Charles H. Blalcewovd, James W. Bransford, Villiam Swindell, and Richard W. High George C. Marshall Spoce Flight Center Huntsville, Alabama RESEARCH AND File Size: 2MB.

SOLID PROPELLANTS In this chapter we describe several common solid rocket propellants, their principal categories, ingredients, hazards, manufacturing processes, and qual- ity control. We also discuss liners and insulators, propellants for igniters, tailoring of propellants, and propellants File Size: KB.

Controlled expedient disposal of excess gun propellant M.R. Walsha,∗,totb, M.E. Walsha, G. Amplemanb a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, NH USA b Defence Research and Development Canada, DRDC-Valcartier,Pie XI Blvd.

North, Québec, QC G3J 1X5, Canada a. Often times the word “explosive” is used interchangeably for propellants and true explosives. However, the distinction between these two terms is critical when discussing the pressures formed during a reaction which takes place inside an oxygen bomb.

Chemical explosives can be classified as low or high. NASA is rolling out an Explosives Safety course to replace center-specific courses and provide consistent training throughout the agency.

Goddard Space Flight Center Explosives Safety Officer (ESO) Gordon Marsh taught the updated course, “Basics Explosive Safety Training,” at Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) on Feb.

MA REPORT OVERVIEW REVIEW OF NASA’S EXPLOSIVES SAFETY PROGRAM The Issue NASA Centers and Facilities routinely procure, store, transport, and handle explosive materials, pyrotechnics, and propellants (known as energetic materials) in support ofFile Size: 2MB.

Start studying Forensics- arson. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Browse. When it is in a confined space.

The rapid combination of oxygen with another substance. Which is not a high explosive: dynamite, RDX, black powder, TNT. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of research on was established in by Hiltmar Schubert and was intended as a successor to Explosivstoffe, a journal which had appeared between and but which had been published exclusively in German.

It has been the official journal of the International Discipline: Chemistry. ChapterExplosives and solid propellant safety JPR Rev. J, Change (March ) Verify this is the correct version before you use it by checking the on-line version.

If the hazard from the explosive, propellant, or system is The class and division is Mass burning of almost all the material, but not detonation File Size: KB. a weapon capable of firing a projectile using a confined explosive as a propellant fully automatic a firearm with a clip-fed mechanism that fires repeatedly as long as the trigger is pressed.

Propellant tank pressurization is a critical aspect of liquid propellant rocket design. Many designs use high pressure helium, heated and recirculated, however the propellant gases themselves can be used - at least in the case of LH2 as explained in this the case of Falcon 9 this is mentioned here and here as I've learned in the discussion and links associated with this question.

High explosives are not used as a propellant because most rifles are gas operated, meaning that it is not the explosion of the propellant that provides the force, but the gas that the propellant produces as it burns.

A high explosive would be too quickly and efficiently expended to produce the gas necessary for propulsion of the projectile.

The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Define explosive ordnance disposal incident. explosive ordnance disposal incident synonyms, explosive ordnance disposal incident pronunciation, explosive ordnance disposal incident translation, English dictionary definition of explosive ordnance disposal incident.

Not included in this definition are the accidental arming or other conditions. Low Explosives are those explosives that explode but do not detonate.

They include gunpowder, smokeless powder found in both small arms and cannon ammunition and pyrotechnics. An explosive (or explosive material) is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and explosive charge is a measured quantity of explosive material, which may either be composed solely of one ingredient or be a mixture containing at least two.

EPA/g August Environmental Protection Technology Series RECOMMENDED METHODS OF REDUCTION, NEUTRALIZATION, RECOVERY OR DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Volume VII Propellants, Explosives, Chemical Warfare Office of Research and Development U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D.C. Define propellant explosive. propellant explosive synonyms, propellant explosive pronunciation, propellant explosive translation, English dictionary definition of propellant explosive.

propellant explosive; Propellant Fill Drain Valve; propellant fouling; propellant grain; Propellant Handling Unit; Propellant Initiation Program; propellant.

WORK PLACE (MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR WORK) (CONFINED SPACES AND SPACES HAVING EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES) [S.L 3 (3) Where it is deemed necessary for work to be carried out in a confined space, it shall be the duty of an employer to ensure that the ingress to and the egress from the confined space, and the work.

Environmental Impact of Munition and Propellant Disposal (RTO-TR-AVT) Executive Summary Introduction The armed forces of NATO and the PfP countries possess large quantities of munitions that are surplus to requirement or have exceeded their design life.

Disposal of the energetic materials requires great care and considerable cost.A confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed area that is big enough for a worker to enter. It is not designed for someone to work in regularly, but workers may need to enter the confined space for tasks such as inspection, cleaning, maintenance, and repair.

Many confined spaces have small openings, which can make entry and exit File Size: KB. He died at the hospital following an explosion in a laboratory where he was making propellants for air bag inflators earlier this week. OSHA is leading the investigation into the industrial accident that cost year-old Ronald Larson his life.

The immediate cause of the explosion has yet to be fully been determined.